As the days start getting shorter and the temperature drops, some folks migrate south towards warmer weather , others simply add an extra blanket on their bed to hibernate or use their winter coat to keep warm. Ever wondered how do animals survive through the winter months and where do they go for their food resource? Here is how birds and animals sustain through the cold winter.
Migration: Many birds and butterflies migrate as far as Southern America to get a warmer place to live in and consistent food source to help them endure throughout the winter. They will reduce their body temperature to stay warm, slow their heart rate and hibernate in caves.
Hibernation: True hibernators such as the bear will reduce their body temperature and slow their heart rate to close coma amount to survive through winter. Animals like Groundhogs will wake up and shiver themselves warm in case their body temperature drops too low while hibernating.
Survival: Raccoons, skunks, some chipmunks and opossums are “light sleepers.” Hence they will find solace in small sleep and proceed on for shelter without even changing their own body temperature or heart rate. During mild weather, they awaken to eat and move about in search of food.
Food Storage: The vital factor for winter survival for warm-blooded critters is their food source. Maintaining body temperature requires a whole lot of energy. Honeybees have a tendency to construct a wax comb inside the trees for protection and will store honey up as their food supply. Similarly, squirrels tend to keep nuts. They consume as much as they can and hide the rest. They will spend their whole day right from early dawn until evening seeking food when taking caution to protect themselves from becoming food.
They will just find themselves a warm, cozy attic, yard or home and quietly snuggle-in to call it their own.
When some fishes stay fairly active beneath the layers of icy-cold water, most turtles penetrate deep and find a hiding place beneath the stones, leaves and logs. Often, they find heat by burying their little body in the mud. While on land, most reptiles, amphibians and tiny mammals will hide out under the leaves, snow and grass. These are the places in which they hibernate. Some will cuddle-up inside their own nests with their young ones with stored food supply.
Adaptation: Animals that may not store foodneed to hibernate, migrate or learn how to adapt. The red foxes switch their diet from insects and berries to miniature rodents. Many non-migrating birds such as robins and cardinal alter their diet from insects and berries to fruit and seeds. Deer will root through the snow or eat bark when the bud is covered and leaves are all gone.
The increasingly chilly temperatures of the winter causes a number of different kinds of birds and wild creatures to begin searching for shelter in the warmth of inside. Hence, you may even discover a number of butterflies, raccoons, squirrels, opossums or even bats paying a visit to your home. It’s crucial to undertake simple pest proofing and take careful precaution to protect your house from any kind of wild birds or animal intrusion, especially for a few annoying species. Make an animal friendly habitat by supplying natural food sources and shelter. Plant native grass, berries, and fruit producing crops. Create refuge piling up leaves, twigs and other plant things in your lawn. Whether you stay home that winter or go for a winter holiday to some place hot, don’t hibernate.